28S-ABP-105 - Farmhouse
The fundamental difference between a collection of farm buildings adjacent to each other, known as a grange, and that of a farmyard was the farmhouse. The church just as much as the aristocracy had considerable land holdings, much of this land was farmed as part of huge agrarian estates. The buildings required in the process of farming these lands were gathered together in what was known as a grange. The people who used these buildings did not live alongside them but sometimes some considerable distance away in a hamlet or village. Farms and smallholdings were parcels of land, usually tenanted rather than freeholding, that included the home of the person who worked the land within itís holding.
From the late 15th Century onwards it became the case that occasionally estate lands would be parcelled off and either sold or tenanted as working concerns. This would involve either building a new farmhouse or converting one of the larger buildings from a grange into the farmhouse. This example of a farmhouse has been modelled on the farmhouse at La Haye Sainte. From the building nowadays and illustrations from the past it is clear to see the ridge air vents at the top of the roof and openings just below the eaves, that would have been originally there for the purpose of the barn, these still remained for much of the length of the building and were simply glazed and left in situ.
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